Autism may not be as rare in girls as once believed. Some girls appear to have less severe symptoms than boys, and to be better able to mask social challenges at school. According to research by IAN and others, girls with milder forms of autism are diagnosed later than boys, possibly delaying intervention. Some may not be diagnosed at all.
Girls and autism
Dr. Wendy Chung, director of clinical research at the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative, presented What We Know About Autism at a TED2014 conference. Listen to what she had to say.
Autism Research Survey Results - Live
For years autism was seen as primarily a male disorder. But some researchers are asking whether girls with ASD are going undiagnosed, especially those at the high-functioning end of the spectrum? Do girls simply do a better job masking their symptoms? Are their symptoms being missed by diagnostic tools that may be better suited to boys? As researcher John N. Constantino M.D. put it, are doctors looking at girls through "boy-colored glasses"?
Significant new research findings just published in the American Journal of Psychiatry include a higher than expected rate of language delay, sometimes with autistic features, in siblings
The Interactive Autism Network (IAN) has collected information about thousands of children with autism. Boys with ASD outnumber girls by quite a margin. To what extent is this due to a real difference in the occurrence of autism in boys and girls?
Recent research has estimated that the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is between 1 in 91 and 1 in 150 births. Many more individuals are being diagnosed with ASD today than ever before, and investigators are working hard to better understand what is contributing to this increase in prevalence. What is less understood, however, is the difference in prevalence between boys and girls.